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LID - Locating Intersectional Discrimination


Project summary

The project “Locating Intersectional Discrimination” (LID) adopted an interdisciplinary, theoretical and empirical approach with a focus on practice

The LID project sought to apply intersectional theory to legal practice in order to both identify and address intersectional discrimination. It aimed to show not only that intersectional discrimination as such matters, but also to investigate whether and how intersectional discrimination can currently be addressed by legal systems. It has done this by adopting an interdisciplinary approach including both theoretical and empirical research.

Intersectional discrimination is a distinct variety of multidimensional discrimination in which discrimination occurs based on characteristics such as age, sex, race and belief, being combined in such a way as to be mutually constitutive. However, the law does not (fully) reflect this, and legal systems often deal with cases of intersectional discrimination on the basis of a single-ground approach. This means that, insofar as cases of intersectional discrimination appear in legal systems, they are often analysed either as additive discrimination, with each ground treated separately, or presented on the basis of only one ground – the one seen as the strongest – while the other grounds are not included in the claim at all. The intersectional aspect of these claims is thus hidden.

The LID project aimed to provide both theoretical and practical tools for identifying multidimensional discrimination in general and intersectional discrimination in particular. Furthermore, the LID project also investigated ways in which existing equality-, equal treatment- and antidiscrimination laws could better cope with the reality of multidimensional discrimination. To this end, the LID project was constructing a tool-box for legal practitioners, developed in conjunction with legal practitioners, to help them address discriminatory structures and practices so that they are better able to provide fair and human-rights compliant remedies to those individuals who are discriminated against on several grounds, be they additive, compound or indivisible.


Project dates

  • October 2010 - October 2013


Project website... (Detailed information on the project and its results in German)

Regional Anti-Discrimination Website...



The project Locating Intersectional Discrimination (LID) was financed by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).